By exam- Developing strong research questions. Revising the Research Question. ("What is the rationale for California's "3 strikes" sentencing policy?") ! You may be given a topic by your instructor or you may come up with a question of your own. Is the question clear, focused, and complex? While examining sources, consider how others discuss the topic. 4 0 obj There are a number of ways to focus this interest even further into a research question. Once you receive feedback from your classmates, teacher, and others, you will be in a place where you can revise your research question. _____ Step 2 - Answer two questions Before writing a more sophisticated thesis statement, answer the following questions IN WRITING. Refining your research question can be a very important aspect – if your research question is too broad, it will be difficult to cover the topic in your research paper. Once you have chosen a general topic idea the next step is to refine your topic and ulitmately to formulate a research question. Start doing some exploratory, in-depth research. Tips for Selecting a Research Topic. For example, let's say you are given the topic, 'restorative justice'. 1. This resulted in 85 ‘gold’ questions, 39 ‘silver’ questions and 38 ‘bronze’ questions that were further refined, rephrased and shortlisted to the final 100 during the plenary session (Fig. This final list of questions was subsequently edited by JAO, LBF, JG, NR and DH and then circulated for final editing by the remaining authors. Example Research Questions The goal of research in this area would be to assess whether medical Use a friendly colleague as a sounding board. Some Examples Develop Research Questions Describes the importance of creating questions to guide research, provides insight on how to develop these questions, and includes many examples. The first question could serve as the overarching question, followed by sub-questions referring to different examples of health problems. Searches can often produce large numbers of results. @��/ȝ��,9H�5,���qU�̿�v���^vˑ %^��X���w�V( @�%�ϥ�?�YG��N2̗����p�x�'K2.�{"�)�j��)xQ��Ԥ�x�$���Q8���@@�5J ��P�:Hȉ]g�$@v���! ,W���^0lP�0��P�V����\'�Ǔ �a�1��fL���-;�9��+�� ��w�N%��w�ۇRW����wy����>�t��mgҩ�?�vk��H%����nMjcYJ p�I �nNܑZ���ʵ�w��%N�Z��!^�� o`P7�Y�����/�[#��Db9�;�~^�2>�Y��x��ך� ���9�jH����E%�7{Bs�/�o. In other words, you integrate information from publications with your own thoughts in order to formulate an argument. Review or report questions are typically answered with what is generally known about a fairly narrow topic. Before looking at how to turn such ideas into empirically testable research questions, it is worth looking at where such ideas come from in the first place. Research questions should not be answerable with a simple “yes” or “no” or by easily-found facts and should, instead, require both research and analysis on the part of the writer (York University, 2013) Checklist of evaluation questions. The thinking entailed in that exercise may lead them to a better place for refining research questions. It pinpoints exactly what you want to find out and gives your work a clear focus and purpose. Wherever that very simple thesis statement you used to guide the research is, pull it out. Aspect or sub-area: Consider only one piece of the subject. %��������� Please consider the following in your comments: 1. For example, key data may be lacking, or a new study is published that challenges some presumptions you had. In fact, you may not settle on a final research question until something jumps out of your data toward the very end of your analysis. Once you have an actual research question that is framed as a question, formulate a working hypothesis that tentatively answers your question. 1C). The question you start with isn’t set in stone, but will almost certainly be revisited and revised as you read. Background questions. %PDF-1.3 Below are examples of research questions that aim to determine correlations or relationships between variables using a combination of the variables mentioned in research outcome numbers 1 and 2. x�XMs7��W�E�V����e7�+��$V��AaFS"�T\���3�5��eͰ��ݯ1�(��G��VK��dd4Ye|�wZ�;�^���w#=��ww�c���5�yX��S�Cl'��|e��1S"�4� :&�wIS���|H�F����N��s���m2�S:E'ɫl�s�+\=���7q�Yȧt��k����V�:��C&�2őGYBs�E��O�ȷ���(Q^��^��m�(cpQ���`8�,o�8S%OAh�e�^��.��u�-��z+M��R��d�0�c����r�y��~!��k��T�β�蠰��fA�Ul���� V�[���n��~?>�=���S�8u�qFԔ�ڏ�\�Y'I9�d%��~k�O�f#��I\�t�w�������~����ZB�h����O���hR6��cY >��V�dtF5�9��. 2. Time: Limit the time span you examine. Do not be afraid to modify your research question, revising it as you investigate it more. Published on April 18, 2019 by Shona McCombes. Research questions are open-ended and require a variety of accumulated data to develop an answer. Research questions often begin as more general research ideas—usually focusing on some behaviour or psychological characteristic: talkativeness, learning, depression, bungee jumping, and so on. You will have to decide which advice for revision is useful and to the point and which is not. Formulating Your Research Question (RQ) In a research paper, the emphasis is on generating a unique question and then synthesizing diverse sources into a coherent essay that supports your argument about the topic. Does the question help to answer their research question? The answers must be in writing. So, looking at your background research, you have determined that this is the area on which you wish to focus. stream Posted on September 27, 2013 by karolynlam. Relevant research questions influence clinical practice, change protocols, and improve upon patient outcomes. There is an inclination to state the area of research, rather than conceptualise the topic as a question. Remember that the final decision is yours. 1201 Albrecht Boulevard Dept #2080 PO Box 6050 Fargo, ND 58108-6050 A good research question is essential to guide your research paper, project or thesis. The research question is one of the most important parts of your research project, thesis or dissertation. For instance, after doing research on censorship, you discover a current controversy involving censorship of the Internet. A good research question is not permanent. If you continue to have difficulties defining a topic talk to your instructor or a librarian. )/����C�]r@j�$&��4d�q4]h����*� Is therapeutic exercise of benefit in reducing impairment for people who would be expected to consult a physiotherapist? Formulating a Research Question Every research project starts with a question. Consider the points below to keep your research focused and on track. The process of crafting a good research question can begin with writing down a qualitative purpose statement regarding your research. Refined Research Question. Research question examples. Why is it illegal for the Gerson therapy to be used by medical professionals in the United States? The most important word here is “tentative,” as you do not want to set out to prove your hypothesis, for this attitude would have you overlook any evidence that might disprove your hypothesis. Identifying your research question is a process which takes time. The outcome of research questions in this category will be to explain correlations or causality. Whenbeginning!anyresearchproject,thefirst!crucial! Secondary sources such as textbooks, nursing reference sources and review articles can provide relevant and reliable answers quickly. ��m�Q��밷-�{�U]�{O]��x����G� P� �����R�]6�BP�y�"y�O���Ԕ�C��G�o�jFyu>��c��РA��U4���V'+�� Developing*and*Refining*a** ResearchQuestion(! List questions about the area of interest you discovered. Writing research questions as actual questions with a question mark is another way to focus attention. Your question will allow you to select, evaluate and interpret your sources systematically. 2. Revised on June 5, 2020. All research questions should be: The following are examples of qualita tive research questions drawn from several types of strategies. Essential Question: My Research Question: Comments: AFTER you read through all the comments…write your NEW, REFINED, research question on the back of this paper, and come show Lori! The goal of the research is stated in broad terms and covers the topic that interests you. For example, one of the ongoing topics in recent years is whether medical marijuana has any place in the mainstream medical world. Examples of research questions Systematic reviews The research questions for this review were: 1. It’s important to spend some time assessing and refining your question … Examples: Revised on October 22, 2020. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> 3. question. Tap your available resources—your daily work and the wonderings that arise from it. A research problem is a definite or clear expression [statement] about an area of concern, a condition to be improved upon, a difficulty to be eliminated, or a troubling question that exists in scholarly literature, in theory, or within existing practice that points to a need for meaningful understanding and deliberate investigation. For many academic courses, a major portion of your grade will depend on the successful completion of a project requiring library research, and since you will probably devote a significant amount of time and effort to … As well, if your research topic is too narrow, it will be difficult to find enough research material and write an adequately in-depth paper. Relevant research questions also leads to quality improvement, more precision and accuracy in treatment effects, and make a meaningful contribution to a given body of knowledge. In terms of research questions, these, too, can be emergent. Ask for general knowledge of disease processes or clinical contexts; they ask "who, what, when, why, where or how" about a single disease, drug, intervention or concept. How might the sources inform or challenge your approach to your research question? ("Could liberalization of drug laws reduce crime in the U.S.?") Strategies for working toward a research question ! As you look for relevant sources, such as scholarly articles and books, refine your topic based on what you find. :�Q&���H���m���xW8za��1�O�L����/ڇ���>\��9t:��t�}��a�o'4J��Sx~��"F�H��� �`�U���^��*�B�ha�-���تR�-@���^���\p[m X�X'��~>a5 << Restate your question in terms of what you hypothesize might happen and in a format that is “testable” using a research methodology>> SPECIFIC AIMS: << List a few specific goals that can be accomplished, within the scope of your project, and that would shed light on your question.>> Example 1 – Educational RCT: RESEARCH QUESTION Refined Thesis Statement _____ Step 1 - Find your working thesis statement. For example, if your topic is human cloning, investigate government regulation of cloning. Published on April 16, 2019 by Shona McCombes. Is therapeutic exercise of benefit in improving activity and increasing societal participation for people who For example, if your topic concerns cloning, examine the theories surrounding of the high rate of failures in animal cloning. Research questions help writers focus their research by providing a path through the research and writing process. ! The specificity of a well-developed research question helps writers avoid the “all-about” paper and work toward supporting a specific, arguable thesis. This may be an appropriate number for a systematic review, where you need to ensure your search is very comprehensive.However, if your search retrieves several irrelevant results, techniques can be used make your search more effective. 131 Example 7.1 A Qualitative Central Question From an Ethnography Finders (1996) used ethnographic procedures to document the reading of teen magazines by middle-class European American seventh-grade girls. questionis“How!canI!refine!my!topic!ofstudyintoa! {��@ͣ�td���A���}x��02�BS� �J�'�I9�u�B/�mтQ�0�H$Br�)f��D�f��\��Jh\��}��*�|�yt� {�3`q��(h�L�b�F�gE��UŞGt�x-=��b�[�nE��U��i�I6cE�`9ǻr�.�pha�S�@� nt��"aRց}D�嚩4�A���b�):�&��!�gb���R���9s�`dУ�EB �l�@�Ѡ. Final refined research question: INSERT QUESTION HERE . Arise from it come up with a question to develop an answer improve upon patient outcomes Step to. An answer important parts of your own ( `` what is generally known about fairly... 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