Bone is a rich mineral reservoir, composed mainly of calcium and phosphorous, which together impart hardness, rigidity, and compressive strength to bone. Histology Classification of Bone Tissue Of the four basic tissue types (epithelium, connective tissue, muscle and In physical fitness, body composition is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone, water and muscle in human bodies. Definitions of main types of bone tissue: Compact bone tissue forms the outer shell of bones. • Define the primary components found in bone. Bone Tissue - Anatomy & physiology revision about the structure and functions of human tissue types. Bone – There are two types of bone cartilage and they are the spongy bone and compact bone. Learn more about the composition and function of bone. Get an answer for 'List the four types of cells in bone tissue and their functions.' Compact bone tissue consists of osteons that are aligned parallel to the long axis of the bone, and the Haversian canal that contains the bone’s blood vessels and nerve fibers. Hope this helps. The major types of connective tissue are: 1) loose connective tissue; 2) adipose tissue; 3) blood; 4) collagen, sometimes called fibrous or dense connective tissue; 5) cartilage; and 6) bone. • Describe the three primary classifications of joints and give an anatomic example of each. Its two principle components are collagen and calcium phosphate. Bone marrow, also known as myeloid tissue in red bone marrow, can be found in almost any bone that holds cancellous tissue. You may remember that both wide spacing and a matrix were characteristics of connective tissue. Bone tissue is continuously remodeled through the concerted actions of bone cells, which include bone resorption by osteoclasts and bone formation by osteoblasts, whereas osteocytes act as mechanosensors and orchestrators of the bone remodeling process. The main function is binding ,supporting and packing together different organs of body. Bone tissue, also called osseous tissue, is classified as either compact bone, or spongy bone depending on how the bone matrix A few bones (such as the clavicle and the calvarium) develop within a condensed region of fibrous tissue without a cartilaginous intermediate (membrane bone … Every bone is protected by two film-like coverings. Bone tissues include compact bone, spongy bone, bone marrow, and periosteum. Bone is also dynamic in that it is constantly being broken down and rebuilt. Therefore, compact bone tissue is prominent in areas of bone at which stresses are applied in only a few directions. The two main types of bone tissue are compact (hard and dense) and cancellous (spongy and flexible) tissue. Composition is the term used to describe the arrangement of the visual elements in a painting or other artwork. Bone marrow is the soft, flexible connective tissue within bone cavities. Loose connective tissue, also called areolar tissue (from the Latin areola, meaning “open place”), is a mass of widely scattered cells whose matrix is a loose weave of fibers. The remaining material is mostly collagen with trace amounts of proteins and inorganic salts. Bone is a strong, flexible and semi-rigid supporting tissue. The lengthening of bone involves an orderly sequence of replacement For most bones the general shape is first laid down as a cartilage model, which is then progressively replaced by bone (endochondral bone formation). There are three types of cells that contribute to bone homeostasis.. The main feature of Structure of Bone Tissue There are two types of bone tissue: compact and spongy.The names imply that the two types differ in density, or how tightly the tissue is packed together. That is Example: the outer ear Bone. Bone - Bone - Vascular supply and circulation: In a typical long bone, blood is supplied by three separate systems: a nutrient artery, periosteal vessels, and epiphyseal vessels. Module 7: Bone Tissue and The Skeletal System Search for: Fractures: Bone Repair Learning Objectives Differentiate among the different types of fractures Describe the steps involved in bone repair A fracture is a broken bone. These sheaths or membranes consist of a material called connective tissue. Bone tissue (osseous tissue) differs greatly from other tissues in the body. The bones in the skeleton are not all solid and the insides of the bones contain trabecular bone, which is like scaffolding or a honeycomb. Like cartilage, and other types of connective tissue, bone is … Figure 1. Body composition is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone and muscle in the human body.Two people at the same height and same body … Bone connective tissue provides structural support for other tissues such as our muscles and skin. Bone is initially formed by “modeling”, that is, the deposition of mineralized tissue at developmentally determined sites, generally preceded by a cartilage analog. Each organ or muscle consists of skeletal muscle tissue, connective tissue, nerve tissue, and blood or vascular tissue. Bone Functions Protection, support, movement, mineral storage, and blood cell production are all functions of bone. For Ex:Bone to bone,Muscle to bone or tissue. Compact bone is notable for the wide spacing of the cells within a hard crystal matrix (see Figure 5.2). Describe how an imbalance of calcium can affect bone tissue Bones make good fossils. The matrix of bone contains collagen fibers and mineral deposits. Bone - Bone - Types of bone formation: Bone is formed in the embryo in two general ways. Gross anatomy of a typical long bone (figure 6.1): Diaphysis - shaft or long part Medullary cavity - inside the shaft. Remember bone is a living tissue comprised of living cells (osteocytes) which secrete the matrix described above. And the overall effect of this spongy network in the center of the bone is that of making the bone lighter. They are located in the skeleton and their Bones become increasingly ossified and grow larger during fetal development, childhood, and adolescence. 0 0 Anonymous 5 years ago This Site Might Help You. Three major Bone - Bone - Chemical composition and physical properties: Depending upon species, age, and type of bone, bone cells represent up to 15 percent of the volume of bone; in mature bone in most higher animals, they usually represent only up to 5 percent. Bone marrow (see diagram below) produces stem cells, such as erythrocytes (red blood cells) and leucocytes (white blood cells). Bone, rigid body tissue consisting of cells embedded in an abundant hard intercellular material. One encompasses the outside, and is called the periosteum ; the other encases the inside, and is called called the endosteum . Bone mineral density, estimate of bone mass. Now if you look at the periphery of the bone, you have what is the harder, denser layer that surrounds the spongy bone. Bone resorption is the process of braking down the bones into its mineral and collagenous constituents through a cellular mechanism. While the soft tissue of a once living organism will decay and fall away over time, bone tissue will, under the right conditions, undergo a process of mineralization, effectively turning the bone to stone. It can withstand compression forces, and yet it can bend. It's a little strange to think of bone as a living tissue, but that's exactly what it is. Take up the quiz below on bone structure and get to find out what else you know. • Describe the five types of bones found in the human skeleton. Bone tissue makes up the individual bones of the skeletons of vertebrates. The most abundant ] In newborns , all such bones are filled exclusively with red marrow or hematopoietic marrow, but as the child ages the hematopoietic fraction decreases in quantity and the fatty/ yellow fraction called marrow adipose tissue (MAT) increases in quantity. They range from extremely tiny strands such as the stapedium muscle of the middle ear to large masses such as the muscles of the thigh. A component of the lymphatic system , bone marrow functions primarily to produce blood cells and to store fat . RE: Describe the composition of a bone? Objectives • Describe the components of the axial versus appendicular skeleton. Bone, cartilage, tendons, joints, ligaments and other connective tissues compose the skeletal system. These are some fact we know when it comes to bones. Bone marrow is highly vascular, meaning that it is richly supplied with a large number of blood vessels . The cells of connective tissue are living, separated from each other and are very less in number.Homogeneous gel like intercellular substance called matrix form the bulk of connective tissue.Cells are embedded in matrix. Supporting connective tissue Gives strength, support, and protection to the soft parts of the body. Bone is hard and many of its functions depend on that characteristic hardness. Skeletal muscles vary considerably in size, shape, and arrangement of fibers. They are widely spaced cells in lacunae and their matrix is arranged in an onion-like layer. Living bone contains about 10 to 20 percent water and 60 to 70 percent bone mineral, as explained by the University of Cambridge. 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